By International Development Research Centre
E-book by way of foreign improvement examine Centre
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Extra resources for A Decade of Reform: Science & Technology Policy in China
Ministries run institutions of higher education, for instance, somewhat independently of SEdC, although these remain under the policy guidance of SEdC. Similarly, SSTC can set policy guidance for the ministerial S&T system — on reform policy, for instance — but because policy is separate from budgeting, large areas of discretion remain with the ministries. Because SPC has a role in national budgeting and SETC has a role in dispensing technical renovation funds and in SOE-management reform, the power of these commissions over ministries is even greater.
By promoting the importance of S&T knowledge for a modern society and the importance of people with such knowledge for the functioning of such a society and the organizations that make it up, the S&T-system reform process continued to call attention to the need for more economic and social reforms. In 1990, a new and ambitious vision for China‘s S&T future was introduced in the National Medium- and Longterm Science and Technology Development Program. The successful implementation of this plan presumes continuing institutional reform not only in the S&T system itself but also in the economy, in law, and in social-security arrangements.
Some key unresolved issues – There are still too many government research institutes. – Too many institutes are overstaffed. – Some important new tendencies in the global organization of S&T have still not been fully grasped or institutionalized in China. Some final observations We began this report with comments covering the main impressions that we gained during our visit to China in November. As we finish it, we wish to add a few further observations, more oriented to our impressions of useful future directions for China to consider pursuing in the light of experience in other parts of the world.
A Decade of Reform: Science & Technology Policy in China by International Development Research Centre