By Hans P. Binswanger-Mkhize, Camille Bourguignon, Rogier J. E. van den Brink
Regardless of 250 years of land reform around the world, very important land inequalities stay, in particular in Latin the United States and southern Africa. whereas in those areas, there's close to consensus at the desire for redistribution, a lot controversy persists round how one can redistribute land peacefully and legally, frequently blocking off growth on implementation. This e-book makes a speciality of the 'how' of land redistribution on the way to forge better consensus between land reform practitioners and permit them to make higher offerings at the mechanisms of land reform.
Read or Download Agricultural Land Redistribution: Toward Greater Consensus (Agriculture and Rural Development Series) PDF
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Extra info for Agricultural Land Redistribution: Toward Greater Consensus (Agriculture and Rural Development Series)
Social land reform advocates target rapid and direct impact on poverty and are eager to achieve social justice. They stress objectives such as decongestion of overpopulated communal areas; resettlement of squatters, destitute people, and the landless; and the associated reduction of hunger and extreme poverty (for example, in Brazil, Malawi, South Africa, and Zimbabwe). 2. Advocates of economic land reform stress the productive superiority of family farms; and they expect the land reform to make a significant contribution not only to agricultural production, but also to rural employment, self-employment, and poverty reduction.
WHY REDISTRIBUTE LAND? THE GROWING CONSENSUS In countries with a highly unequal distribution of land, the case for redistributing property rights from the rich to the poor or from large-scale to small-scale farmers is strong, both theoretically and empirically. The case rests on conflict prevention, equity, economic growth, jobs, and poverty reduction. 3 Fairness Perhaps the most important reason to worry about equity is linked to the inherent political and social nature of property rights. History, culture, and many other factors can mold what a community or a nation thinks is fair use and ownership of land.
But those people are precisely the ones most in need of land. To deal with this issue, communities, families, or groups of families in these programs always receive a grant from the state and sometimes also get a subsidized loan from a development bank to buy and develop their own farms. The grants and loans, together with their own contributions in cash and/or in kind, normally (except in South Africa) are large enough to cover all the costs of farm development, not only land acquisition. In this way poor people are provided with the purchasing power they lack to enter the market (see chapters 6, 7, 8, 10, 11, and 14).
Agricultural Land Redistribution: Toward Greater Consensus (Agriculture and Rural Development Series) by Hans P. Binswanger-Mkhize, Camille Bourguignon, Rogier J. E. van den Brink