By James W. Gould
There is a typical trust that till lately americans have most popular isolation to curiosity in distant parts corresponding to Southeast Asia. This thesis should be validated via interpreting the background of yankee family with a spot at the contrary aspect of the globe from the U.S.. this sort of land is Sumatra. it truly is one of many biggest islands on the earth. Its I66,789 sq. mile zone exceeds that of the 3rd greatest American country, California, and is bigger than Italy. mendacity midway around the globe from the us, its I050 mile size is nearly divided through the equator, which runs throughout it for 285 miles. Sumatra's strategic significance is two-fold. first of all, it's the first island stepping stone from the Asiatic mainland into the Australasian archipelago. This was once proven in I942 while the USA stationed planes on Sumatra in an try and stem the japanese boost southward. Secondly, it lies athwart the shortest sea routes from japanese Asia to Europe and the japanese usa. Sumatra's southern tip varieties one aspect of the Straits of Sunda which guards the entry to the Java, China and Philippine Seas. on the island's northern tip is the doorway to the Straits of Malacca, the shortest sea lane be tween the close to and much East. the outlet of the Suez Canal in I869 shifted the shortest path among the some distance East and the Western global from the Sunda to the Malacca Straits.
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There's a universal trust that until eventually lately americans have most well liked isolation to curiosity in distant parts equivalent to Southeast Asia. This thesis might be validated through studying the historical past of yank family members with a spot at the contrary aspect of the globe from the us. the sort of land is Sumatra. it's one of many greatest islands on this planet.
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Extra info for Americans in Sumatra
They are cut up or flattened into an endless variety of implements. An American visitor to the remote Island of Nias in I92I saw some Socony kerosene cans and was told a Dutch saying that the colony could not have been developed without oil cans. 7 The full case weighing 65 pounds was easy to handle, and its square shape prevented shifting of cargo and saved shipping space. These export packages were originated by Samuel Downer for export of coal oil from his refinery in Boston. 8 They were adopted by the other companies which became prominent in the Indonesian market: Devoe's and Atlantic.
The complaints of the Sumatran rebels in the Indonesian Civil War of 1958 called to our attention the importance of Sumatran exports to the Indonesian economy, but it is not widely known that it is Sumatran exports to the United States which keep Indonesia going. The four largest Indonesian exports to the United States originate largely in Sumatra. They are: rubber, oil, tin and pepper. In addition several other Indonesian imports to the United States come from Sumatra: cassia (seventh most important export), sisal (tenth), patchouli oil (fifteenth), palm oil (seventeenth) and tobacco wrapper (eighteenth).
NATIVE AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS IMPORTED FROM SUMATRA'S EAST COAST Sumatra and its off-shore islands still produce the bulk of the world's pepper, even as in the days when Americans carried it to the markets of the west. However, the area of production had shifted from the west coast to the east about the time of the end of American trade in I867. In the last quarter of the nineteenth century most of the production centered on the north shores of Atjeh, whence it was shipped to Penang and Singapore.
Americans in Sumatra by James W. Gould