By John Short
Previous powers are falling. New states are rising. the distance among East and West is narrowing. but the advancements within the center East and the japanese Bloc, the expanding disparity among the wealthy and negative countries, and the intensification of monetary festival among former political allies, pose new threats and tensions for a brand new global. "An creation to Political Geography" is fullyyt revised and up to date, exploring political and geographic switch in the related available framework. John brief emphasizes the necessity for a fluid method of the examine of the foreign order, the kingdom country, in addition to social events. He highlights the fashion in the direction of globalization, hard the conventional integration of the world-systems procedure. a brand new part at the political geography of participation seems on the inspiration of the worldwide village, with its matters for international justice and environmentalism. the writer examines new centres of energy, offering a heritage for dialogue of present traits and destiny advancements. He then specializes in the country country, quite the person loved ones and attracts on distinct case experiences to debate social pursuits.
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Extra resources for An Introduction to Political Geography
It perpetuated those states whose existence and boundaries were caused by the with the Second World War. In the immediate post-war period the balance of forces was clearly swinging towards decolonization. The United Nations provided the forum for anti-colonial sentiments, and the Soviet Union and newly independent countries supplied the voices. The position of the USA, the world power, was more ambivalent. On the one hand the USA had an explicit anti-colonial stance and was eager to make friends and trading partners with the nations emerging from the struggle of the nationalist movements.
In Indo-China urban strikes and rural unrest broke out in the 1930s as the French sought to impose controls and checks on demands for independence. In Africa south of the Sahara, by contrast, things were relatively peaceful. There were few demands for independence since the policies of indirect rule had strengthened tribalism. There was thus little history of clearly demarcated nations; workers’ movements or intellectual elites had yet to develop on any significant scale. the need for a new form of colonial relationship.
In Brazil and Mexico vast mineral resources have contributed to economic development. For all these countries an important element in economic growth has been their ability to attract foreign capital because of low labour costs. Industrial growth has changed from import substitution and tariff-jumping industries to the development of industries selling goods on the world market. Multinationals have been attracted by cheap labour and governments which maintain order and allow relatively high levels of profit repatriation.
An Introduction to Political Geography by John Short