By Andrea Bieberstein
Concern approximately nutrition dangers is common. shoppers, besides the fact that, are stumbled on to vary when it comes to how they overview those hazards. essentially the most trendy findings during this regard is the variations among men and women. Many experiences file that males are much less nervous approximately environmental and technological dangers than ladies, that is additionally the case for meals dangers. whilst it really is criticized that those adjustments are usually exaggerated, similarities ignored, and systematic investigations are missing. Andrea Bieberstein provides a complete review of theoretical techniques to danger belief and empirical paintings that has been performed within the box of possibility notion examine. additionally, she offers a scientific research of ways nutrients dangers are built for girls and males via uncovering the meanings by way of institutions, emotions, and values that they connect to numerous nutrients hazards. this permits a deeper knowing of the gender alterations in possibility belief by way of their relevance and meaning.
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Additional info for An Investigation of Women’s and Men’s Perceptions and Meanings Associated with Food Risks
As it was further found that many qualitative risk attributes are correlated such as voluntariness and the extent to which the risk is seen as controllable, they condensed the specific characteristics by means of factor analysis to two main higher order factors, the ‘dread risk’ and the ‘knowledge about risks’: the ‘dread risk’ factor comprises the characteristics catastrophic, involuntary, the extent to which the hazard is dreaded and perceived as uncontrollable, inequitable (the judgment about the distribution of risks and benefits of a hazard), unobservable and fatal.
Other studies investigate the role of more specific worldviews. A study by Rohrman (1994) focused on two specific facets of worldviews, people’s occupational and political affiliations. By combining these two facets he developed four different groups designated as ‘technological’, ‘ecological’, ‘monetarian’ and ‘feminist’ and investigated their impact on risk perception in Germany, New Zealand and Australia. Particularly in the case of technological risks, ‘ecological’ and ‘feminist’ orientations were linked to higher risk perceptions, whereas respondents with ‘technological’ orientations were found to give the lowest risk ratings.
1996), approaches in system theory initiated by Luhmann (Japp, 1997; 2000) and reflexive modernization (Beck, 1992). Table 1 gives an overview over the main approaches that are relevant in empirical risk research. 43 Table 1: Main Approaches in Empirical Risk Perception Research Core discipline Psychology Perspective Psychometric approach (cognitive psychology) Anthropology Objective Explaining why different risks are perceived differently; understanding the expert-lay gap Cultural Theory approach Explaining inter-group differences in risk perception Socio-psychological approach Explaining individual differences in risk evaluation in social contexts Current approaches Psychology (cognitive psychology) Sociology Socio-cultural approach Explaining individual risk perceptions in social contexts Source: Own illustration.
An Investigation of Women’s and Men’s Perceptions and Meanings Associated with Food Risks by Andrea Bieberstein