By Sevim Z. Erhan, Joseph M. Perez
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Extra info for Biobased Industrial Fluids and Lubricants
Pour Point Measurement The pour point apparatus and procedure used followed ASTM D 97 (21). The cloud and pour point test apparatus manufactured by Petrolab Corporation (Latham, NY) was used. Test jars, thermometers, corks, and rubber rings conformed to ASTM D 97 specifications. All runs were carried out at least in duplicate. Sample temperature was measured in 3°C increments at the top of the sample until it stopped pouring. The temperature of the cooling media was kept constant at –18, –33, –51°C, and –69°C as the sample temperature reached the specified ranges of +9 to –6, –6 to –24, –24 to –42°C, and below –42°C, respectively.
In September 2000, the scheme was relaunched by Regulation No. 1980/2000, which extended its scope to cover services as well as goods, and enables retailers to apply for the Ecolabel. The specification is expected to evolve into industrial products. Formulation Considerations for EF Hydraulic Fluids Given the complexity of specifications, not surprisingly, formulating an environmental lubricant that performs is a challenge to a formulator. The formulator has to meet these specifications through the control of additives and base oils.
Philadelphia, PA) and was used as received. Guerbet alcohols were obtained from Jarchem Industries Inc. (Newark, NJ) and were used without further purification. Jarcol I18T (trade name) is a Guerbet alcohol that is a mixture of 2-octyl decanol, 2-hexyl dodecanol, and their analogs (C16 15–20%, C18 46–54%, C20 27–33%). Unless otherwise specified, all other chemicals including alcohols and acid anhydrides Copyright © 2002 AOCS Press (99% purities) were purchased from Aldrich Chemical Co. (Milwaukee, WI) and were used without further purification.
Biobased Industrial Fluids and Lubricants by Sevim Z. Erhan, Joseph M. Perez