By John Bulaitis
The French geographical region and the Communist occasion are inextricably associated. Communism in Rural France explores this complicated and strong courting that is so an important for an figuring out of the heritage of recent France.During 1936 and 1937 a sour fight erupted one of the agricultural staff and swept via elements of the French nation-state, which rose up in moves and elevated unionization. Coinciding with the city "social explosion" which the victory of the preferred entrance govt, the clash stunned right-wing opinion and panicked filthy rich land-owners, who blamed the unfold of the "corrupting" collectivist affects of city society into the nation-state at the French Communist Party. Communism in Rural France lines the evolution and features of the rural staff’ circulation from the flip of the twentieth century throughout the inter-war years in addition to the reaction of the govt and the resistance geared up by way of farmers. John Bulaitis focuses fairly at the position of agricultural staff in French rural and exertions background, which has lengthy been overlooked. Communism in Rural France absolutely explores the workers' contribution for the 1st time and illuminates a big and formerly missed point of eu politics.
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Additional resources for Communism in Rural France: French Agricultural Workers and the Popular Front (International Library of Historical Studies)
Rooted in the social relations and radical political traditions of Lot-et-Garonne, Renaud Jean’s approach had been particularly shaped by the experience of the sharecroppers’ movement of 1919–20. Working in forests extracting resin, the sharecroppers had demanded a reduction in the share of the produce handed to proprietors as well as the end of various vestiges of feudalism, such as the ‘duty’ to work on certain days for landlords. 24 This outlook was, however, also conditioned by the way in which agrarianism as an ideology had been strengthened by the experience of war.
Longuet’s call for a reorientation was unambiguous. 66 The emergence of agricultural strike movements and workers’ unionism influenced socialist activity in the countryside and in the succeeding period the trend arguing that more attention should be accorded to agricultural workers was strengthened. 67 There was also more open criticism of the party’s dominant agrarian outlook. In Languedoc, controversy reigned over the participation of prominent members within the leadership of the CGV. 68 In effect, two political currents on strategic orientation in the countryside and, particularly, on the question of the agricultural proletariat had been established within French Marxism.
18 Socialists in the newly constituted agricultural workers’ union had argued that the demands of the defeated Gonesse strike were too COMMUNISTINTRODUCTION AGRARIANISM, 1921–28 31 radical. 19 Lenin’s thesis dealt with the same two fundamental questions raised in Engels’ 1894 critique. In terms of programme, it signalled a distinct change, making the type of concession towards private property that Engels had censured. Not only did the thesis guarantee that peasants would keep their land but, by advocating abolition of mortgages and particularly rents, it also implied that the amount of land in private hands would be extended.
Communism in Rural France: French Agricultural Workers and the Popular Front (International Library of Historical Studies) by John Bulaitis